Tooth decay is damage that occurs when bacteria (germs) in your mouth make acids that eat away at a tooth. It can lead to a cavity or a hole in the tooth. If not treated properly tooth decay can cause pain, infection, and tooth loss.
A tooth has a total of three layers
– The hard outer layer is called enamel.
– The middle layer is called dentin.
-The center of the tooth is called the pulp, which contains nerves and blood vessels.
The more layers that are affected by decay, the worse the damage.
Below is a photo showing the three layers and also how decay destroys each layer.
Four Ways to Prevent Tooth Decay
- Brush your teeth at least two to three times a day, preferably when you wake up, after a each meal and right before bed.
- Clean between your teeth daily with dental floss.
- Eat nutritious and balanced meals and limit snacks. If sticky foods are eaten, brush your teeth afterwards.
- Visit your Dentist regular for your routine cleaning and oral exam so that problems can be found before there serious.